Individualized patient management is key to achieving better lifetime quality of life and independence for patients with schizophrenia, explained Professor Ira Glick of Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California. He described his learnings from 50-years of experience managing patients with schizophrenia and the latest research on how to achieve the best outcomes in an inspirational presentation for APA 2020 On Demand.
A team-based, shared decision-making approach individualized for each patient is required to achieve a successful lifetime management strategy for patients with schizophrenia, said Professor Glick, and needs to focus on:
The mortality gap for patients with schizophrenia is 15 years because many die prematurely due to inadequate treatment for medical diseases
- balancing antipsychotic efficacy and safety
- ensuring long-term antipsychotic adherence
- treating associated medical risk factors and diseases
- providing psychosocial support and education
Long-term antipsychotic adherence prevents relapse and rehospitalization
Choose the most “medically benign” effective antipsychotic for each individual patient
Not all antipsychotics are the same, said Professor Glick. There are marked differences between different antipsychotics in terms of their efficacy and in terms of their adverse effects.1 It is important to choose the most medically benign effective antipsychotic for each individual patient and manage medical adverse effects, such as acute and tardive movement disorders and metabolic syndrome effectively.2
Long-term antipsychotic adherence3,4 is essential to prevent any relapse and rehospitalization, both of which impair outcomes. Do not hesitate to use long-acting injectables (LAIs) from the first episode,5 advised Professor Glick.
Treat associated medical risk factors and diseases to close the 15-year mortality gap
Obesity, smoking and lack of exercise are common medical risk factors
The mortality gap for patients with schizophrenia is 15 years because many die prematurely due to inadequate treatment for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular and smoking-related diseases.6 To recover these lost 15 years and have a normal lifespan, it is essential to target and treat:
- associated medical risk factors, such as obesity, smoking and lack of exercise
- diseases such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease7
Adopt a comprehensive, multidisciplinary, team-based treatment approach
Psychosocial interventions support and educate patients and their families and facilitate independent living and workplace functioning. Together with psychopharmacological and medical therapies and interventions, they are core components of the comprehensive, multidisciplinary, team-based treatment approach for psychosis, which improves both functional and clinical outcomes.8–10
For the latest updates on sea.progress.im, subscribe to our Telegram Channel https://bit.ly/telePiM
Our correspondent’s highlights from the symposium are meant as a fair representation of the scientific content presented. The views and opinions expressed on this page do not necessarily reflect those of Lundbeck.